Smart agriculture through IoT
Modern agriculture, usually referred to as “AgriTech” is the application of technology in agriculture in general.
Using IoT sensors to collect environmental and machine metrics, farmers can make informed decisions, and improve just about every aspect of their work – from livestock to crop farming.
Monitoring the state of crops using smart agriculture sensors helps farmers define exactly how much pesticide and fertilizer should be used to reach optimal efficiency. The same applies to the smart farming definition.
Weather conditions, soil quality, crop growth progress or cattle health are examples of data that smart agriculture sensors collect. This data can be used to track the state of the business in general as well as staff performance, equipment efficiency, etc.
The ability to foresee the output of production allows farmers to plan for better product distribution.
IoT soil sensors measure soil moisture, temperature, and electric conductivity, which enables farmers to approach each crop’s unique needs individually. Drones are used to collect agricultural data for surveillance capabilities and perform a vast number of tasks that previously required human labour such as planting crops, fighting pests and infections, agriculture spraying, crop monitoring, etc.
Combining data sensors and drones with geospatial data, this technology helps create precise soil maps for each field which help farmers reduce waste, improve yields, and increase farm sustainability.